Measures to Control Sulfur Emissions Due to Environmental Reasons Lead to Deployment of Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems

Carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide are air pollutants, among which sulfur dioxide is the key pollutant that is emitted along with flue gas exhaust of fossil fuel operated power plants. The emission of sulfur dioxide has health and environmental implications, because of which flue gas desulfurization has been enforced in many countries for scrubbing SO2 from flue gasses. 

Worldwide, the consistently increasing demand for energy has led to an exponential growth of the power industry. The utilization of a few types of fossil fuels in the rapidly expanding power industry has resulted in an increased demand for flue gas desulfurization systems. Moreover, in some regions, stringent regulations for the permissible level of gasses that can be emitted in the atmosphere have also mandated the utilization of flue gas desulfurization systems. Other factors such as the need to replace worn out components of FGD systems with new ones for efficient functioning of the entire system is also propelling the market’s growth.

Asia Pacific is anticipated to emerge as an important market for flue gas desulfurization in the forthcoming years. However, the implementation of impending regulations for the deployment of flue gas desulfurization systems are some of the challenges that are impeding the growth of the Asia Pacific flue gas desulfurization market. Despite this, Asia Pacific accounted for a share of 55% in the global market in 2012. 

North America and Europe are relatively mature markets for flue gas desulfurization owing to the inception of the technology in these regions in the 1960s. The U.S. is anticipated to dominate the North America flue gas desulfurization market as there are number of regulations in place for the same. This includes the U.S. ARP (Acid Rain Program), which involves removal of SO2.

Top companies in the global market for flue gas desulfurization are focused on strategizing for product innovation. Due to these efforts, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) has developed an advanced flue gas desulfurization system with 99.5% efficiency. 

The installation of flue gas desulfurization systems for thermal companies in Europe is important to keep up with the environmental pollution standards to join the European Union.