Published Date : Oct 06, 2015
Three scientists, one each from China, Japan, and Ireland, were recently awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine for their contribution towards parasitic diseases. According to the reports from CNN, half of the Nobel Prize was collectively shared by William Campbell of Ireland and Satoshi Omura of Japan for finding out a new drug for treating roundworm parasites infections. The major chunk, remaining half, was awarded to Tu Youyou of China, for using traditional medicine for finding out a new type of antimalarial agent.
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute stated that parasitic diseases are commonly affecting the poorest people across the globe. Such diseases act as a barrier to improving the health and wellbeing of the people. The two discoveries from China, Japan, and Ireland, offers the humankind a new means to battle the parasitic diseases that are affecting millions of people across the globe, every year.
According to the Nobel Assembly, Omura and Campbell discovered a new treatment, Avermectin, which lowers the occurrence of Lymphatic Filariasis and River Blindness. According to the medical experts from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, onchocerciasis or river blindness can cause blindness or vision impairment, debilitating itching, or nodules under skin. As per the World Health Organization, elephantiasis or lymphatic filatiasis, is an extremely painful and disfiguring disease. The Nobel Assembly thanked Omura and Campbell for creating such cures for parasitic diseases.
Avermectin-derivative Ivermectin has been successful so far to cure many people across the globe. The importance of avermectin-derivative ivermectin for improving the wellbeing and health of hundreds of poor people, suffering from Lymphatic Filariasis and River Blindness, is immeasurable. The cure has turned out to be so successful that the parasitic diseases such as Lymphatic Filariasis and River Blindness are almost on the verge of abolition. Tu Youyou discovered Artemisinin, a cure for Malaria that speedily kills the Malaria parasites and prevents them from further development.