Published Date : Apr 21, 2016
Pneumonia is caused by viruses or bacteria and affects the lungs. The most generalized classification of pneumonia is made using where the patient contracted the disease from, within a hospital or outside it.
What is Community Acquired Pneumonia?
Community acquired pneumonia is one of the deadliest diseases in the world today. It is one of the leading causes of death around the world, and is also the most commonly diagnosed illness. It refers to the series of lung diseases caused to a person outside of a hospital, or more specifically, when he or she has not visited a hospital in some time. Community acquired pneumonia is differentiated from hospital acquired pneumonia, which is caused by strains of the virus that are resistant to antibiotics. The most common viruses that cause community acquired pneumonia are legionella sp., chlamydia pneumoniae, mycoplasma pneumoniae and other atypical bacteria, streptococcus pneumonia, and haemophilus influenza. The common symptoms of pneumonia, especially the community acquired one, include incessant cough, high fever, pain in chest, nausea and vomiting, pained breathing, migraine, blue tinge in skin, loss of appetite, and tachycardia.
Advancements Against Community Acquired Pneumonia
Scientists have found out a possibility of a pneumonia outbreak in Beijing in 2016. The infection is primarily caused due to mycoplasma pneumoniae, which was already found in children who were hospitalized recently. The epidemic could possibly last ahead of 2016, but doctors can use the current data derived to fight it in better ways.
In another study, doctors have suggested that ultrasounds may be one of the safest ways of diagnosing pneumonia in children. The study made use of patients younger than 21 from the emergency departments. It was found that ultrasounds could be used instead of x-rays safely enough to avoid missing cases of pneumonia and also to avoid complications of the disease. In turn, the hospital could save thousands of dollars in x-ray usage as well as the overall time spent in diagnosis.