Published Date : Jun 13, 2016
The Paris Climate Agreement seeks to frame out a global action plan to limit global warming to below 2°C, thereby avoiding adverse effects of climate change. In December 2015, the Paris Climate Conference brought 195 countries to adopt the first-ever legally binding global climate deal. The agreement is due to enter into force by 2020. The agreement has focussed on reducing the emission of greenhouse gases and has recognized the role of cities, regions, and local authorities in controlling the adverse effects of global warming.
It is interesting to note that how the European nations are focusing on clean energy and setting up targets to achieve the agendas in the climate agreement. While Denmark has been one of the pioneer countries in harnessing wind energy, Portugal ran for four straight days entirely on renewable energy. In 2015, Denmark set a new record by generating around 42.1% of the country’s total energy demand through wind. The U.K., Germany, and France are also investing on clean energy projects. The efforts taken by these countries can be attributed to the European Union’s renewable targets for 2020.
Perovskite Cells: New Development in Solar Cells
Another feather has been added to Europe’s efforts regarding harnessing clean energy. The development of perovskite solar cells has revolutionized the field of renewable energy. Researchers at the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland, are working on stretching the limits of perovskite solar cell performance and increasing their efficiency by 20%. The research team lead by Michael Graetzel has found that by briefly reducing the pressure during the fabrication of perovskite crystals, the performance of perovskite solar cells can be enhanced. Graetzel is already known for the development of transparent dye sensitized solar cells. This latest development holds significant potential for the global dye sensitized solar cell market. In fact, perovskite solar cells are being termed as the next-generation counterparts of dye sensitized solar cells.