With the aim of maintaining equity in education across China, school heads and teachers in the country will be rotated among other schools, especially in rural areas. A plan released by the Ministry of Education on Tuesday stated that there was a widening gap between rural and urban education, as well as schools with excellent and poor reputations. The move was supported by the ministries of finance, human resources and social security.
The statement says that principals and teachers in primary and junior high schools will, after completing two tenures, be sent to serve at other schools in the district or country. The ministry hopes that the system will be fully functional within the next five years.
Rural schools in China have over 150 million students, and lack sufficient resources in terms of funds, structure, and quality educators. Primary education in these areas is a matter of concern as parents migrating to larger cities in search of work leave their children without any parental guidance much needed at that stage. Despite efforts on the part of the Chinese government to invest in rural literacy, the sheer volume of students is too great to provide for.
The rotation policy will help students in rural schools access experienced teachers and principals, thus ensuring a better quality of learning as well as greater opportunities for higher education in universities.
Two of the main reasons for the wide gap between education in different parts of China are inequality of investment and uneven economic development.