Published Date : Sep 21, 2015
Grownups consuming large amounts of sugary drinks have a greater chance of consuming food groups that are considered to be unhealthy. On the other hand, adults who consume more tea and juice have a higher chance of consuming food groups considered to be healthy, according to findings of a study presented at the 51st Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting held at the European Association.
A PhD student at Lund University based in Malmo, Sweden, Louise Brunkwall told Endocrine Today that sugar sweetened drinks are strongly linked with overall dietary habits and it is, as a result, vital to have full awareness about one’s overall diet while analyzing the relationship between beverages and diseases so as to ensure proper interpretation of the results.
Brunkwall and her team evaluated data collected from 25,112 grownups between the ages of 45 and 74 from the population based Swedish Malmo Diet and Cancer Cohort. These adults, who did not have any cardiovascular diseases or diabetes or cancer were surveyed between 1991 and 1996. A seven day food diary was completed by the participants, in addition to a 45 to 60 minute personal interview and a 168 item questionnaire on food frequency. These were used to measure the intake of macronutrients, beverages, and 24 food groups. The beverage consumption was divided into five intake levels. Linear regression was used to evaluate the food consumption across each of the five levels, making adjustments in terms of sex, age, BMI, season, total energy, physical activity level, smoking and alcohol intake, and education.
The team of researchers found that participants reporting an increased intake of sugar sweetened drinks also showed a much lower consumption of healthy foods, in comparison with adults reporting the lowest consumption of sugary beverages. The greatest differences were noted with vegetables, fruits, breakfast cereals, yogurt, fish, and fiber-rich bread.