ProSe (Proximity Services) for LTE & 5G Networks: 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts


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First introduced in Release 12 of the 3GPP specifications, ProSe (Proximity Services) is a D2D (Device-to-Device) technology that allows LTE devices to detect each other and to communicate directly. It relies on multiple enhancements to existing LTE standards including new functional elements and a ""sidelink"" air interface for direct connectivity between devices.

In comparison to existing D2D and proximity networking technologies, ProSe offers several distinct benefits including but not limited to better scalability, manageability, privacy, security and battery-efficiency. At present, efforts to commercialize ProSe are being spearheaded by the public safety and critical communications sector, amid the ongoing transition from legacy LMR (Land Mobile Radio) systems to LTE networks.

Although initial investments in ProSe-enabled devices will be driven by the public safety and critical communications sector, there also exists a much larger opportunity in the commercial arena. Mobile operators can leverage ProSe to offer a range of B2B, B2B2C and B2C services that rely on proximity, including advertising, social networking, gaming, relaying traffic for wearables and V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) connectivity.

By the end of 2025, SNS Research estimates that mobile operators can pocket as much $17 Billion in ProSe based annual service revenue. Up to 55% of this revenue figure will be attributable to proximity advertising.

The ""ProSe (Proximity Services) for LTE & 5G Networks: 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts"" report presents an in-depth assessment of the ProSe market including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, use cases, applications, business models, pre-commercial case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain and strategic recommendations. The report also presents forecasts for ProSe-enabled device shipments and ProSe based mobile operator service revenue from 2018 till 2030. The forecasts cover multiple submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

The report covers the following topics:

  • ProSe technology
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • Sidelink air interface and spectrum bands
  • ProSe discovery and direct communication services
  • ProSe coverage scenarios and modes of operation
  • ProSe reference architecture, key functional elements and interfaces
  • 3GPP standardization efforts for ProSe
  • Competing D2D and proximity networking technologies
  • Key applications, business models and monetization strategies
  • Case studies of pre-commercial ProSe engagements
  • Industry roadmap and value chain
  • Strategic recommendations for key ecosystem players including chipset suppliers, device OEMs, infrastructure vendors, public safety agencies and mobile operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2018 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

ProSe Device Shipments & Revenue

Submarkets

  • Public Safety & Critical Communications
  • Commercial Sector

Form Factor Segmentation

  • Smartphones
  • Tablets
  • Wearables
  • Vehicle Mount Devices
  • V2X Devices
  •  Other Devices

Regional Markets

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America
  • North America
  • Western Europe

ProSe Based Mobile Operator Service Revenue

Submarkets

  • Advertising
  • Social Networking
  • V2X Connectivity
  • Public Safety & Critical Communications
  • Other Applications

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the ProSe opportunity?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How will the ecosystem evolve by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • How big is the ProSe service revenue opportunity for mobile operators?
  • How will ProSe help public safety agencies in replacing legacy LMR systems with LTE and 5G networks?
  • How will consolidation in the chipset ecosystem affect the adoption of ProSe?
  • How can ProSe deliver localized V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) connectivity?
  • What strategies should chipset suppliers, device OEMs and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

The report has the following key findings:

  • In comparison to existing D2D and proximity networking technologies, ProSe offers several distinct benefits including but not limited to better scalability, manageability, privacy, security and battery-efficiency.
  • At present, efforts to commercialize ProSe are being spearheaded by the public safety and critical communications industry. The ongoing transition from legacy LMR  systems to LTE networks is expected to trigger the very first investments in ProSe-enabled devices, as direct communication between devices is an essential requirement for users in this domain.
  • In the commercial area, mobile operators can leverage ProSe to offer a range of B2B, B2B2C and B2C services that rely on proximity including advertising, social networking, gaming, relaying traffic for wearables and V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) connectivity.
  • By the end of 2025, SNS Research estimates that mobile operators can pocket as much $17 Billion in ProSe based annual service revenue. Up to 55% of this revenue figure will be attributable to proximity advertising.

List of Companies Mentioned

  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • Apple
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • Bluetooth SIG (Special Interest Group)
  • Compass.To
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • EE
  • Ericsson
  • Facebook
  • FirstNet (First Responder Network Authority)
  • Home Office, UK
  • Huawei
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • Intel Corporation
  • KT Corporation
  • M87
  • MPSS (Ministry of Public Safety and Security, South Korea)
  • NEC Corporation
  • Nokia
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • OnePlus
  • Qualcomm
  • Samsung Electronics
  • TanTan
  • Telecom Italia Group
  • U.S. Department of Commerce
  • U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • Wi-Fi Alliance
  • Yahoo
  • ZigBee Alliance

Countires Covered

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua & Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Cocos Islands
  • Colombia
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic Rep of Congo (ex-Zaire)
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • East Timor
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia (ex-Tahiti)
  • French West Indies
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea Republic
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kirghizstan
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • North Korea
  • Northern Marianas
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Samoa (American)
  • Sao Tomé & Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • St Kitts & Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent & The Grenadines
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks & Caicos Islands
  • UAE
  • Uganda
  • UK
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • US Virgin Islands
  • USA
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 11
1.1 Executive Summary 11
1.2 Topics Covered 13
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 14
1.4 Key Questions Answered 15
1.5 Key Findings 16
1.6 Methodology 17
1.7 Target Audience 18
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 19

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of ProSe 21
2.1 What is D2D (Device-to-Device) Technology? 21
2.2 ProSe (Proximity Services) for 3GPP Networks 22
2.3 ProSe Service Classification 23
2.3.1 ProSe Discovery 23
2.3.2 ProSe Direct Communication 23
2.4 ProSe Coverage Scenarios 24
2.4.1 In-Coverage 24
2.4.2 Partial Coverage 24
2.4.3 Out-of-Coverage 25
2.5 ProSe Modes of Direct Communication 25
2.5.1 Unicast 25
2.5.2 One-to-Many: Group Communication 25
2.5.3 One-to-All: Broadcast Communication 26
2.6 ProSe Modes of Discovery 26
2.6.1 Restricted Discovery 26
2.6.2 Open Discovery 26
2.7 Competing Technologies 27
2.7.1 P25, TETRA & Conventional LMR Systems 27
2.7.2 Wi-Fi 27
2.7.2.1 Wi-Fi Direct 27
2.7.2.2 Wi-Fi Aware/NAN (Neighbor Awareness Networking) 28
2.7.2.3 Ad-Hoc Mode D2D Connectivity & TDLS (Tunneled Direct Link Setup) 28
2.7.2.4 WAVE (Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments): IEEE 802.11p 29
2.7.3 Bluetooth 29
2.7.3.1 Classic Bluetooth 29
2.7.3.2 Bluetooth High Speed 29
2.7.3.3 BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) 30
2.7.3.4 Bluetooth 5 Enhancements 30
2.7.4 Apple's iBeacon 30
2.7.5 ZigBee 31
2.7.6 GPS 31
2.7.7 Others 31
2.8 Market Growth Drivers 32
2.8.1 Adoption of LTE for Public Safety & Critical Communications 32
2.8.2 Extending Wide Area Connectivity to IoT Devices & Accessories 32
2.8.3 Better Scalability & Coverage Range Than Competing Technologies 33
2.8.4 New Revenue Streams & ARPU Growth for Mobile Operators 33
2.8.5 Enhanced Manageability, Privacy & Security 34
2.8.6 Alleviating Network Congestion & Improving Spectrum Utilization 35
2.9 Market Barriers 35
2.9.1 Potential Interference 35
2.9.2 Achieving UE Battery Efficiency 35
2.9.3 Impact on Network Resources 36
2.9.4 Dependency on New Chipsets & Devices 36
2.9.5 Interoperability & Other Technical Challenges 36

3 Chapter 3: ProSe Technology & Standardization 37
3.1 Sidelink Air Interface 37
3.1.1 Use of Uplink Resources 37
3.1.2 Transmission Scheme 38
3.1.3 Frequency Bands & Channel Bandwidths 38
3.1.4 New Physical, Transport & Logical Channels 40
3.1.4.1 Physical Channels 40
3.1.4.2 Transport Channels 41
3.1.4.3 Logical Channels 41
3.1.5 Synchronization Signals 42
3.1.6 Alternative Wi-Fi Direct Communication Path 42
3.2 Key Operational Capabilities of ProSe 43
3.2.1 Service Authorization & Provisioning 43
3.2.2 ProSe Discovery 43
3.2.2.1 Direct Discovery 43
3.2.2.2 Specific Direct Discovery Features for Public Safety 45
3.2.2.3 EPC-Level Discovery 45
3.2.2.4 EPC Support for Wi-Fi Direct Communication 46
3.2.3 ProSe Direct Communication 46
3.2.3.1 One-to-One Direct Communication 46
3.2.3.2 One-to-Many Direct Communication 47
3.2.4 UE-to-Network Relay 47
3.3 ProSe Reference Architecture, Key Functional Elements & Interfaces 49
3.3.1 ProSe-Enabled Devices & Applications 50
3.3.2 ProSe AS (Application Server) 50
3.3.3 ProSe Function 50
3.3.3.1 DPF (Direct Provisioning Function) 51
3.3.3.2 Direct Discovery Name Management Function 51
3.3.3.3 EPC-Level Discovery ProSe Function 51
3.3.4 ProSe Proxy 52
3.3.5 ProSe Key Management Function 52
3.3.6 MME (Mobility Management Entity) 52
3.3.7 P-GW (Packet Data Network Gateway) 53
3.3.8 S-GW (Serving Gateway) 53
3.3.9 HSS (Home Subscriber Server) 53
3.3.10 SLP (Secure User Plane Location Platform) 53
3.3.11 S-GW (Serving Gateway) 54
3.3.12 Interfaces 54
3.3.12.1 PC1 54
3.3.12.2 PC2 54
3.3.12.3 PC3 54
3.3.12.4 PC4a 55
3.3.12.5 PC4b 55
3.3.12.6 PC5 (Sidelink) 55
3.3.12.7 PC6 55
3.3.12.8 PC7 56
3.3.12.9 PC8 56
3.3.12.10 S6a 56
3.3.12.11 S1-MME 56
3.4 3GPP Standardization for ProSe 57
3.4.1 Release 12 57
3.4.2 Release 13 57
3.4.3 Release 14 & Beyond 58

4 Chapter 4: ProSe Applications, Business Models & Case Studies 60
4.1 Key Applications of ProSe 60
4.1.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 60
4.1.1.1 Direct Communication for Coverage Extension 60
4.1.1.2 Direct Communication within Network Coverage 61
4.1.1.3 Infrastructure Failure & Emergency Situations 61
4.1.1.4 Additional Capacity for Incident Response & Special Events 62
4.1.1.5 Discovery Services for Disaster Relief 62
4.1.2 Commercial Applications 63
4.1.2.1 Proximity Advertising 63
4.1.2.2 Localized Social Networking 63
4.1.2.3 Online & Real-World Gaming 64
4.1.2.4 Enabling the Sharing Economy 64
4.1.2.5 Mobile Relaying & Network Sharing 64
4.1.2.6 Wide Area Connectivity for the IoT & Wearables 65
4.1.2.7 Local Data Transfer 66
4.1.2.8 Other Applications 66
4.1.3 Cellular V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) Connectivity 67
4.2 Business Models: How Can Mobile Operators Monetize ProSe? 68
4.2.1 B2C: Premium Charge for ProSe Capabilities 68
4.2.2 B2B: D2D Services for Public Safety Agencies & Other Enterprises 69
4.2.3 B2B2C: Stacking Consumer Applications over ProSe 69
4.3 Case Studies of Pre-Commercial Engagements 70
4.3.1 Qualcomm: Accelerating Ecosystem Development with LTE Direct 70
4.3.2 DT (Deutsche Telekom): First Pre-Commercial Mobile Operator Trial for ProSe 71
4.3.3 KT Corporation: Emergency Services, Social Networking & Personalized Advertising with ProSe 72
4.3.4 TCL Communication: ProSe-Enabled Device Prototype Demonstration 73
4.3.5 NTT DoCoMo: Empowering the Sharing Economy with ProSe 73
4.3.6 M87: Expanding the Reach of Mobile Networks with ProSe 74
4.3.7 Compass.To: Successfully Conducting the First ProSe Trial in China 75
4.3.8 Others 76

5 Chapter 5: ProSe Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 77
5.1 Industry Roadmap 77
5.1.1 2017 – 2020: Initial Adoption Driven by Public Safety LTE Networks 77
5.1.2 2020 – 2025: Growing Focus on Consumer Applications 78
5.1.3 2025 – 2030: Targeting Cellular V2X Connectivity 78
5.2 Value Chain 79
5.2.1 Chipset Suppliers 79
5.2.2 ProSe-Enabled Device OEMs 80
5.2.3 ProSe Infrastructure Vendors 80
5.2.4 Mobile Operators 80
5.2.5 Public Safety & Critical Communications Agencies 81
5.2.6 Commercial Enterprises 81
5.2.7 App Developers & Content Providers 81
5.2.8 Consumers 81
5.2.9 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists 82

6 Chapter 6: Market Analysis & Forecasts 83
6.1 Global Outlook on ProSe-Enabled Devices 83
6.2 Submarket Segmentation 84
6.2.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 86
6.2.2 Commercial Sector 87
6.3 Form Factor Segmentation 88
6.3.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 88
6.3.1.1 Smartphones 89
6.3.1.2 Vehicle Mount Devices 90
6.3.1.3 Other Devices 91
6.3.2 Commercial Sector 93
6.3.2.1 Smartphones 94
6.3.2.2 Tablets 95
6.3.2.3 Wearables 96
6.3.2.4 V2X Devices 97
6.3.2.5 Other Devices 98
6.4 Regional Segmentation 99
6.4.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 100
6.4.2 Commercial Sector 101
6.5 Asia Pacific 102
6.5.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 103
6.5.2 Commercial Sector 104
6.6 Eastern Europe 105
6.6.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 106
6.6.2 Commercial Sector 107
6.7 Latin & Central America 108
6.7.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 109
6.7.2 Commercial Sector 110
6.8 Middle East & Africa 111
6.8.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 112
6.8.2 Commercial Sector 113
6.9 North America 114
6.9.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 115
6.9.2 Commercial Sector 116
6.10 Western Europe 117
6.10.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications 118
6.10.2 Commercial Sector 119

7 Chapter 7: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 120
7.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 120
7.2 Public Safety LTE Engagements to Trigger Initial Investments 121
7.3 Synergies with IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation) 122
7.4 Interim Solutions to Fulfill Public Safety ProSe Requirements 122
7.5 How Big is the ProSe Service Revenue Opportunity for Mobile Operators? 123
7.6 Enhancements to Support IoT & Wearables 124
7.7 Consolidation in the Chipset Ecosystem: Implications for ProSe 125
7.8 Potential Impact on the V2X Sector 125
7.9 Strategic Recommendations 126
7.9.1 Recommendations for Chipset, Device & Infrastructure Suppliers 126
7.9.2 Recommendations for Mobile Operators 126
7.9.3 Recommendations for Public Safety & Critical Communications Agencies 127

Figure 1: Example Application Scenarios for D2D Technology 24
Figure 2: Sidelink Air Interface for ProSe 25
Figure 3: Use Cases & Service Scenarios for ProSe 37
Figure 4: Key Differences Between LTE Uplink and Sidelink 40
Figure 5: Operating Bands for ProSe 41
Figure 6: ProSe Direct Discovery Channel Bandwidth 42
Figure 7: ProSe Direct Communication Channel Bandwidth 42
Figure 8: Physical, Transport & Logical Channels for Sidelink 43
Figure 9: Architecture for ProSe UE-to-Network Relay Functionality 51
Figure 10: ProSe Reference Architecture 52
Figure 11: ProSe Industry Roadmap 80
Figure 12: ProSe Value Chain 82
Figure 13: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 86
Figure 14: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 87
Figure 15: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 88
Figure 16: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 88
Figure 17: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 89
Figure 18: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 89
Figure 19: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 90
Figure 20: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 90
Figure 21: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector, by Form Factor: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 91
Figure 22: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector, by Form Factor: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 92
Figure 23: Global ProSe-Enabled Smartphone Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 92
Figure 24: Global ProSe-Enabled Smartphone Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 93
Figure 25: Global ProSe-Enabled Vehicle Mount Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 93
Figure 26: Global ProSe-Enabled Vehicle Mount Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 94
Figure 27: Global ProSe-Enabled Other Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 94
Figure 28: Global ProSe-Enabled Other Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 95
Figure 29: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector, by Form Factor: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 96
Figure 30: Global ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector, by Form Factor: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 96
Figure 31: Global ProSe-Enabled Smartphone Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 97
Figure 32: Global ProSe-Enabled Smartphone Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 97
Figure 33: Global ProSe-Enabled Tablet Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 98
Figure 34: Global ProSe-Enabled Tablet Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 98
Figure 35: Global ProSe-Enabled Wearable Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 99
Figure 36: Global ProSe-Enabled Wearable Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 99
Figure 37: Global ProSe-Enabled V2X Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 100
Figure 38: Global ProSe-Enabled V2X Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 100
Figure 39: Global ProSe-Enabled Other Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 101
Figure 40: Global ProSe-Enabled Other Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 101
Figure 41: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments by Region: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 102
Figure 42: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 102
Figure 43: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector, by Region: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 103
Figure 44: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 103
Figure 45: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector, by Region: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 104
Figure 46: ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 104
Figure 47: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 105
Figure 48: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 105
Figure 49: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 106
Figure 50: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 106
Figure 51: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 107
Figure 52: Asia Pacific ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 107
Figure 53: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 108
Figure 54: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 108
Figure 55: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 109
Figure 56: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 109
Figure 57: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 110
Figure 58: Eastern Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 110
Figure 59: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 111
Figure 60: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 111
Figure 61: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 112
Figure 62: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 112
Figure 63: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 113
Figure 64: Latin & Central America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 113
Figure 65: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 114
Figure 66: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 114
Figure 67: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 115
Figure 68: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 115
Figure 69: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 116
Figure 70: Middle East & Africa ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 116
Figure 71: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 117
Figure 72: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 117
Figure 73: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 118
Figure 74: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 118
Figure 75: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 119
Figure 76: North America ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 119
Figure 77: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 120
Figure 78: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 120
Figure 79: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 121
Figure 80: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety & Critical Communications Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 121
Figure 81: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipments in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 122
Figure 82: Western Europe ProSe-Enabled Device Shipment Revenue in the Commercial Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 122
Figure 83: Global Installed Base of ProSe-Enabled Devices by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 (Millions of Units) 123
Figure 84: Global ProSe Based Mobile Operator Service Revenue by Application: 2018 – 2030 ($ Billion) 126