Cement is one of the most abundantly produced materials in the world due to its widespread use in construction activities and geographic abundance of its main raw materials. It is the most commonly used construction material. Cement is composed of calcium silicates, calcium aluminates and calcium aluminoferrite minerals. It is produced from a mixture of raw materials, with calcium carbonate being the primary raw material and provider of the lime necessary to combine with the silica; alumina and iron oxide in these cement minerals.
The cement industry has been growing on the back of factors like growing demand of housing, rising construction demand, rapid urbanization and GDP growth. Some of the noteworthy trends and developments of this industry are changing fuels and the role of coal and rising demand of green cement. However, the expansion of global cement market is hindered by stringent regulations and depleting fossil fuel reserves.