Global Smart Infrastructure - A Smart Approach to Smart Cities in 2016


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The global smart city transformation is underway

Slowly but surely we are beginning to see a transformation take place in many parts of the world, as governments and councils realise they need to take a holistic approach to future city-wide development. In Australia, for example, we see that Adelaide, Canberra, Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Sydney, Ipswich and Sunshine Coast have all been identified as being among the leading smart cities. The Netherlands also has great examples of emerging Smart Cities including Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Eindhoven.

While it can be difficult for councils to obtain funding for Smart City projects – there are many things that cities can do within their existing budget. Every city needs to develop its vision and leadership from the top down and requires a Smart Council to lead initiatives. Councils need to consider how one aspect of a Smart City can benefit another. For example, how can communication technologies such as WiFi, mobile broadband, apps, M2M, Internet of Things (IoT) and smart micro-grids be used to achieve synergy or asset sharing?

Even more importantly, perhaps, is establishing community Buy-in for Smart City projects. Directly engaging with citizens, businesses and others can establish the essential support required for developments - and they can also assist in building business models that can lead to investment.

For those operating in the telecoms sector – smart city developments offer enormous opportunities going forward. Billions of dollars are already being poured into the essential telecoms infrastructure and technologies required for smart cities. Implementing an holistic IoT infrastructure using sensors and M2M requires the heavy involvement of the telecoms industry. Establishing the networking solutions is also important and this is where developments such as Low-Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) are being closely monitored.

To progress towards a smart city, local councils should lead the vision, set the strategy, and work side-by-side with their citizens, neighbourhood communities, businesses, local stakeholders and others. They need to abolish the internal silo mentality. Most of the political and financial powers still reside with state and federal governments and transformation is also often needed to create a better and more equal level of collaboration between all levels of government. As local councils still have a long way to go, state and federal governments will need to guide and support local councils in this complex transformation process.

Key developments:

  • As we look towards 2017 there are some great smart city examples emerging both nationally and internationally.
  • State-of-the-art telecommunications are vital to a city’s economic health and well-being.
  • Developments linked to Block Chain may be useful for Smart Cities and Smart Grids.
  • Smart cities present significant opportunities for telecoms operators.
  • In 2016 Alphabet (Google), Amazon, Facebook, IBM and Microsoft continue to show a keen interest in Artificial Intelligence developments.
  • Wearable technology has become a thriving industry, with an ever-broadening range of possible uses and devices for our smart communities of the future.
  • In May 2016 the ITU and United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) launched an important initiative called: United for Smart Sustainable Cities, with the abbreviation U4SSC.
  • In 2016 the global smart city market is estimated to be worth around $1 trillion.
  • The most difficult issue to resolve in building smart cities is the funding.
  • In mid-2015 the ITU members decided to establish a study group which would focus specifically on smart cities in terms of the standardization requirements for the broader Internet of Things (IoT).

Table of Contents

1. Smart city infrastructure transformation

1.1 Smart Cities in the Hands of Cities and Communities
1.1.1 Defining smart cities
1.1.2 Smart city challenges becoming clearer
1.1.3 Published smart city statistics
1.1.4 The use of telecommunications in smart cities
1.1.5 Smart buildings
1.1.6 Smart Cities and the open data dilemma
1.1.7 Connected homes gaining market share
1.1.8 Alphabet, Microsoft, Samsung and Apple target smart Home market
1.1.9 Smart Factory – Industry 4.0
1.1.10 Standards
1.1.11 Working groups
1.1.12 Smart Cities, Smart Councils
1.1.13 Selected examples of smart cites and communities
1.1.14 A great city is much more than a smart city
1.2 How to become a Smart City
1.2.1 Introduction
1.2.2 Holistic thinking essential in smart city vision
1.2.3 The role of local councils
1.2.4 How to get started
1.2.5 The Sharing Economy
1.3 Smart Cities and Social Stability
1.3.1 Inclusion weakens polarisation and populism
1.3.2 So what do cities and smart cities have to do with all of this?
1.3.3 So what is a smart city in this context?
1.3.4 Rural areas and inner and outer suburbs
1.3.5 Smart cities empower their citizens
1.3.6 Conclusions

2. Smart grids and smart meters
2.1 Radical changes for electricity utilities
2.2 The future of the electricity industry
2.2.1 Consequences for the electricity industry
2.2.2 A perfect storm
2.3 Smart grids analysis
2.3.1 The second phase: Smart Grid 2.0
2.3.2 Escalating costs beyond the meter
2.4 Smart grids and blockchains
2.4.1 Alliander N.V.
2.5 Strategic mistakes from governments and the energy industry
2.5.1 This is resulting in a rethink and a regrouping
2.5.2 Where are the government leaders?
2.5.3 No smart grids without government leadership
2.5.4 Confusion regarding regulations
2.5.5 Muni Smart Grids
2.6 Smart energy for the future
2.6.1 Why solar may not be the biggest threat to energy utilities
2.7 Smart grid vision
2.7.1 Smart grids in need of strategic plans
2.7.2 Trans-sector policies and an holistic approach required
2.8 Global smart grid market
2.8.1 Historical overview
2.8.2 The current market
2.8.3 Smart grid benefits and challenges
2.8.4 Smart grid market value and investment
2.8.5 Smart grid cyber security
2.8.6 Smart grids and mobile technology
2.8.7 Disruptive developments in smart grids
2.9 Global smart meter market
2.10 Remember the consumer
2.10.1 Delighting and exciting electricity customers
2.10.2 What’s in it for the customer?
2.11 A concept, not a single technology
2.12 M2M a key component
2.12.1 From SCaDa to IoT
2.12.2 Low power wide area (LPWA) networks

3. Intelligent transport systems and drones
3.1 Smart transport trends and analysis
3.1.1 Smart transport – introduction
3.1.2 Smart vehicles
3.1.3 Electric vehicles
3.1.4 Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
3.1.5 Dedicated Short-Range Communications
3.1.6 Freight in the digital age
3.1.7 Further smart transport project examples
3.1.8 Drones and Unmanned Aircraft
3.1.9 Examples of applications for drones

4. Artificial intelligence
4.1 Smart societies based on artificial intelligence
4.1.1 The proposition
4.1.2 Philosophy and science
4.1.3 Social and economic developments
4.1.4 Are we reaching another breaking point?
4.1.5 Solutions by using information technology to increase our intelligence
4.1.6 Examples of developments
4.1.7 Conclusion

5. Wearable technology and sensors
5.1 Sensors and wearables for a smarter world
5.1.1 Wearable technology
5.1.2 Wearable wireless devices
5.1.3 Sensors

Table 1 – Examples of analysts’ estimates on world Smart City investments - 2016
Table 2 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by country
Table 3 - Consumers rank the most useful mobile app categories by age
Table 4 - International electricity price table comparison – 2015
Table 5 – Value of the global smart grid market – 2012 - 2020
Table 6 – Global smart meter shipments – 2013 - 2015
Table 7 - Selection of predictions in BT’s timeline
Table 8 – Global – wearable devices by category – market share – 2013 - 2015
Table 9 – Global – wearable device shipments – 2014 - 2020

Chart 1 – Global smart grid market at a glance – 2012 - 2020
Chart 2 – Global – wearable devices by category at a glance – 2013 - 2015
Exhibit 1 – Statistical overview
Exhibit 2 – The Intelligent Communities Forum
Exhibit 3 – Examples of HAN technology options
Exhibit 4 – Key smart home players
Exhibit 5 – Alphabet (Google)’s acquisition of Nest and smart homes
Exhibit 6 - Design principles of industry 4.0
Exhibit 7 – A snapshot of the Intelligent Nation 2015 (iN2015) project
Exhibit 8 – Smart energy project in Amsterdam
Exhibit 9 – Barcelona Smart City benefits
Exhibit 10- Trans-sector vs Cross-sector
Exhibit 11 – Trans-sector benefits
Exhibit 12 – Key steps in developing a smart council
Exhibit 13 - ITU approves smart grid standards
Exhibit 14 – Smart grid applications
Exhibit 15 – Global Smart Grid Federation (GSGF)
Exhibit 16 - International Smart Grid Action Network
Exhibit 17 – Challenges smart grids can address
Exhibit 18 – Field trials led by FINESCE
Exhibit 19 – Examples of leading smart meter players
Exhibit 20 – Replacing old electricity meters
Exhibit 21 - Smart grid as a cloud service
Exhibit 22 – Weightless SIG
Exhibit 23 – PRT/GRT systems
Exhibit 24 - Learning from e-cars
Exhibit 25 – Intelligent transport systems today
Exhibit 26 – USA – The I-80 Integrated Corridor Mobility Project
Exhibit 27 – In-car information
Exhibit 28 – From data analytics to Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Exhibit 29 – Watson in healthcare
Exhibit 30 – Wearable smart rings
Exhibit 31 – Monitoring swimmers